Cultural aspects of the Argan tree lead to social cohesion

All the different uses of the argan tree:

- it's exploitation,

- grazing,

- argan oil extraction,

- preparation of argan oil recipes and derived products,

- crafting of traditional tools needed for the various tasks

profoundly contribute to social cohesion, understanding between individuals and mutual respect between communities that share this age-old intangible cultural heritage.

 

The exploitation of the argan tree contributes to sustainability

The use of all products obtained from the tree (bark, foliage, wood, etc.), the argan oil extracted from its fruits and the products derived from it, contribute in an exemplary manner to sustainable development and enhance the role of women in this.

The principles of sustainable development are also substantiated through the implementation of cooperative structures that enable "argan women" to better manage their production.

The traditional respect for the tree and its ecological environment clearly reflect the maintained concern of the communities for the preservation of this natural gift that is so typical of south-west Morocco agricultural-pastoral life.

 

The importance and limitations of Agdal

This is notably visible in the practice of protecting the argan tree zones against grazing during certain times of the year to allow the tree to regenerate and the fruit to mature  (a tradition called "agdal").

The study cited in the following post highlights the spiritual dimension of "agdal":

http://arganland.tumblr.com/post/114132208687/ritual-fences-protect-the-argan-forest-too

 

The following study though suggests that traditions do not suffice to protect the argan forest, especially if they are situated near urban or suburban areas:

http://arganland.tumblr.com/post/114407172952/2012-study-on-the-sustainability-of-the-argan